Plasterboard, drywall and gypsum board are all mainly the identical product. They’ve a gypsum inside lined with skinny cardboard to forestall the gypsum from breaking when it’s sawn or put in. Gypsum is a comparatively comfortable materials and you’ll’t merely nail one thing into plasterboard or drywall and count on it to carry.

Which drywall fixings are the most effective? It’s going to rely upon the applying.

What are plasterboard and drywall?

Plasterboard might be referred to as drywall, gypsum board or, in America, it’s referred to as sheetrock. They’re all the identical product however come in numerous thicknesses. Mainly, the core of plasterboard is gypsum. It may be naturally occurring gypsum or a byproduct of commercial makes use of utilizing fossil fuels like coal. Each kinds of gypsum are chemically referred to as calcium sulphate dehydrate and are equivalent of their chemical make-up.

When plasterboard is made, naturally occurring gypsum is floor right into a high quality powder. Industrial byproducts are often already high quality in texture and do not want extra grinding. First, the gypsum is run by way of a conveyor utilizing water and components to kind a stable sheet. Then a thick paper is utilized to each side of the gypsum to maintain it from breaking when working with it.

Normal plasterboard is 12.5mm thick and is available in sheets which can be 1200mm vast and 2400mm lengthy. The lengthy finish of the plasterboard typically is tapered, which permits the plasterboard installer to tape the joints utilizing a particular plasterboard tape after which they may plaster over them. Thicker and thinner kinds of plasterboard can be found, too. It may be as thick as 15mm and as skinny as 6mm.

Immediately, plasterboard is available in customary sheets for many partitions, however can even are available a wide range of different merchandise:

  • Insulated board comes with a layer of insulating foam
  • Damp proof board comes with a particular layer of damp proofing
  • Moisture resistant plasterboard has a particular moisture resistant additive
  • Soundproofing drywall is designed to scale back the passage of sound by way of the drywall
  • Fireplace resistant plasterboard is extra hearth resistant than customary plasterboard

Plasterboard might be put in utilizing particular screws or nails. They’ve vast heads which assist stop the plasterboard from breaking. Both screws or nails will probably be countersunk and full of plaster earlier than portray.

Fixing plasterboard and drywall

Plasterboard isn’t designed for hanging photos or heavier objects with nails or customary screws. A wide range of fixing merchandise can be found that make it potential to hold photos or heavier objects to the plasterboard.

Drywall screws have deeper threads than unusual screws. The deep threads enable them to grip the drywall. They’re put in by way of the drywall into wall studs for fastening to partitions. Drywall nails have vast heads to allow them to not come out when nailed into drywall. Each nails and screws needs to be put in with “dimples” to plaster over after the drywall is put in.

The only sort of plasterboard fixing is a plastic plug that’s inserted into the plasterboard. Plugs are available plenty of configurations. The widest plugs will maintain extra weight than slim plugs. After the plug is put in, a screw might be put in in entrance of it utilizing the proper measurement screw for the plug.

One other sort of plug that’s straightforward to put in is the drywall mounting anchor. It has a self-tapping screw and vast threads. It’s designed to be put in within the drywall after which one other screw might be put in on the finish of the mounting anchor.

Subsequent up on the record are toggle bolts. Toggle bolts broaden after they’re put in and might carry extra weight than plugs. They work in a wide range of methods. Some might be folded again and put in. Others will broaden once you tighten the bolts. Toggle bolts could also be hooks, eyelets or bolts and can be utilized for plenty of functions.

These are a few of the customary fixings, however will not be sufficient for heavier objects. A heavy object like a TV display screen could require discovering studs within the wall and fixing lengthy screws into the studs.

Selecting plasterboard and drywall fixings

It may be pretty straightforward to decide on plasterboard fixings. First, weigh the item you wish to hold. Once you go to the ironmongery store to decide on the fixings, they may often have a weight restrict on the bundle. If they’re offered in bulk, ask an assistant that will help you select. Select a weight that’s greater than the burden of the item to be on the protected facet. Basically:

  • Plastic plugs carry much less weight than different fixings, however there are exceptions. Some plastic plugs have vast areas that open behind the drywall and might carry extra weight
  • Mounting anchors can carry a stunning quantity of weight. Ask first, although and do not assume a mounting anchor will maintain a heavy object
  • Some kinds of toggle bolts broaden quite a lot of the drywall. Some can carry quite a lot of weight

The very last thing you need is to purchase plasterboard fixings that are not as much as the job. They’ll finally pull unfastened and you might have damaged glass and a gouge within the wall to cope with. All the time get fixings that may maintain extra weight than you need and will probably be safer.

In some instances, it’s possible you’ll want to seek out studs to lock some heavier objects. You are able to do this with a stud finder that locates studs within the wall. Newer stud finders discover studs electronically by utilizing one thing referred to as a “dielectric fixed.” The present picks up denser materials behind the gyprock and might be fairly correct. Nevertheless, you will not know the place the centre of the stud is till you progress the stud finder up and down the stud. Mark each side of the stud and transfer on to the following space the place you have to set up screws.

Typical plasterboard installations

You could want to put in an image rail on drywall. Plastic plugs could also be acceptable for an image rail or skirting boards as a result of you will have to put in them at intervals and so they can bear the burden. First you will have to carry the image rail on the top you want and it’s possible you’ll want a helper to carry one finish. Ensure it’s degree and mark the ends. Then drill your pilot holes and set up the plugs. In case you have measured rigorously and marked the place the image rail goes, you’ll simply be capable of set up the screws.

Should you’re putting in skirting boards, you need them to be flat in opposition to the ground. You can also make them flat by utilizing a cutoff on the highest fringe of the skirting board and placing weight on it. You might have to make use of screws or perhaps a particular glue to ensure the skirting boards do not pop up later. Should you use nails, they’re positive to pop up later and you should have gaps within the skirting boards.

Should you’re putting in a flat display screen TV, you will have to put in some screws in studs. Use the stud finder to find studs on the high of the bracket. Then you need to use anchors for the opposite screws. The highest of the TV bracket will probably be robust sufficient to bear the burden of the TV and the anchors will maintain the bracket in place.

Bear in mind to make use of the suitable fixings when working with plasterboard and at all times use fixings that can help extra weight than the item you are hanging. This fashion, something you hold will keep in place and you will not have to fret a couple of flat display screen TV or image crashing to the bottom.